Causes of TMJ disorder

Author: Dr. Nhan Tam View: 721
Temporomandibular joint disorder not only causes noises when the patient opens or chews, but also causes pain and discomfort. Patients with temporomandibular joint disorders due to various problems can include arthritis, trauma to the jaw bone, or muscle fatigue due to jaw tightening or grinding teeth. So what is temporomandibular joint disorder and can it be cured? This article will help readers answer this question.

Temporomandibular joint disorder is a disease that can occur at any age. It causes a lot of trouble when eating, speaking, communicating... There is no fixed method that can completely overcome this arthritis condition. but need to be based on different causes of disease.

What is Temporomandibular joint disorder?

The temporomandibular joint is the only movable joint of the craniofacial part, the joint includes the articular surface of the mandible and the articular surface of the temporal bone along with other components such as the joint capsule, articular ligaments, articular disc, and post-discal tissue.

The temporomandibular joint plays an important role, helping the jaw open and close to perform activities such as eating, speaking, swallowing,...

Temporomandibular joint disorder (also known as temporomandibular joint disorder, Temporomandibular joint disorder) is a disorder of the jaw joint and surrounding facial muscles leading to cyclical pain, muscle spasms, and weight loss. By connecting the jawbone and skull, the function of the temporomandibular joint is impaired, affecting daily activities.

Temporomandibular joint disorder is a fairly common disease that can occur in anyone. However, pubertal and postmenopausal women have a higher incidence of the disease.

Causes of Temporomandibular joint disorder

Rheumatoid arthritis

This cause causes 50% of cases of Temporomandibular joint disorder. Most customers who are sick due to this cause are mainly elderly people. Not only the temporomandibular joint but many other joints also suffer from degeneration.

Aging is one of the causes of Temporomandibular joint disorder

Trauma to the maxillofacial area

Injuries to the maxillofacial area can be caused by traffic accidents or accidental falls during vigorous exercise, which can also cause Temporomandibular joint disorder.

Movements of the jaw joint

When opening your mouth too wide quickly and suddenly, or grinding your teeth or chewing gum. These actions seem harmless but have a great impact, they can tighten the jaw and increase pressure on the temporomandibular joint, causing inflammation.

Teeth growing crookedly

This is also the reason that causes Temporomandibular joint disorder,...

Symptoms of jaw arthritis

Temporomandibular joint pain occurs on one or both sides of the face. At first it was just mild pain that went away on its own. But as the disease progresses, customers will experience continuous, intense pain, especially when eating and chewing.

Pain in and around the ear, the client has difficulty opening and closing the mouth, and difficulty moving the jaw. When opening the mouth or chewing, it can make a clicking sound. Customers often have to close their mouth to one side, causing jaw fatigue and an uneven bite.

If the temporomandibular joint is in pain, the pain increases when chewing and rattling sounds appear, the disease is in a severe stage and needs to be treated quickly to avoid complications.

Other symptoms such as headache, dizziness, neck fatigue, earache, temple pain, fatigue, Temporomandibular joint disorder with lymph nodes on one or both sides, chewing muscle hypertrophy on the inflamed side of the joint, making the face look hazy. bloated, unbalanced.

Headache, dizziness, neck pain... can be the first symptoms of Temporomandibular joint disorder

Temporomandibular joint disorder can cause complications of joint relaxation. When the joint is stretched, there is a high risk of dislocation and fusion.

When the joint ends begin to degenerate, there will be adhesions between the joint disc and the bone ends. The most dangerous complication that can occur is perforation of the joint disc.

If left untreated, a perforated disc will destroy the bone ends and cause joint stiffness, making the patient unable to open their mouth.

Treatment for Temporomandibular joint disorder

Treatment of Temporomandibular joint disorder depends on the cause. Normally, to reduce joint pain, customers will be prescribed appropriate painkillers.

In addition, customers will be instructed on methods such as infrared rays, massage, and hot compresses to support and help shorten treatment time.

If the disease appears due to maxillofacial problems, customers should undergo orthodontic measures such as: tooth extraction, braces, bite correction, alveolar bone surgery,...

This dental clinic method will indirectly help limit the treatment of Temporomandibular joint disorder as well as limit the risk of disease.

Temporomandibular joint disorder treatment at Nhan Tam Dental Clinic

If the treatment of Temporomandibular joint disorder goes well, the disease will improve significantly in just a few days. But if the disease is severe, the treatment process will last longer, perhaps a few years, or it may be impossible to cure and live with the disease for the rest of your life.

See more: Rheumatism, Temporomandibular joint disorder and treatment

With the desire to bring customers successful treatment as well as the best care, Nhan Tam Dental Clinic is currently implementing a variety of treatment methods for temporomandibular joint pain.

After treatment here, customers will feel comfortable and no longer suffer from the pain of the disease.