The masticatory system is a whole, a functional unit that includes: the teeth and periodontium, the jawbone, the temporomandibular joint, the muscles involved in the movement of the lower jaw (jaw muscles), the lip-cheek-tongue system, the salivary gland system, the neuromuscular and vascular structures nourish, govern and maintain the functions of the above organs.
Temporomandibular joint disorders includes symptoms such as pain in front of the ear, opening and closing the mouth to hear the sound in the joint, unable to open the mouth wide, opening and closing to one side or not smoothly, jaw fatigue... At first, there may be "temporomandibular dysfunction" and then more severe will progress to temporomandibular joint disorders. There may also be headache, neck and ear fatigue, earache, dizziness. This is a disease in which the jaw cannot perform the functions (eating, chewing, speaking, opening mouth...) in a normal way.
According to studies, only about 17% of people with rheumatoid arthritis affect the temporomandibular joint. In severe rheumatism, especially in young people, the mandibular condyle may degenerate and shrink. This damage can result in multiple teeth or all of the upper and lower teeth being misaligned. If the damage is severe, the lower jaw bone can even stick to the skull, limiting the opening of the mouth.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) a type of temporomandibular disorder or TMD - can cause pain in your jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.
Temporomandibular joint disorder not only causes noises when the patient opens or chews, but also causes pain and discomfort. Patients with temporomandibular joint disorders due to various problems can include arthritis, trauma to the jaw bone, or muscle fatigue due to jaw tightening or grinding teeth. So what is temporomandibular joint disorder and can it be cured? This article will help readers answer this question.