Subperiosteal implant in dental implant surgery

Author: Dr. Nhan Tam View: 2,545
Implant is a modern dental implant method, replacing traditional dental bridges or removable dentures. This method has the advantage of bringing high aesthetic and functional results, helping patients chew and chew like real teeth. However, Implants can only be performed when the jawbone is of sufficient thickness and quality. In cases of severe jaw bone loss, subperiosteal implants are an effective treatment solution.

Subperiosteal Implant is a method of using a metal frame placed between the jawbone and gum but below the periosteum.

This method is especially suitable and highly effective in cases of extremely severe bone loss that cannot be performed with nerve transfer techniques or cheekbone implants.

Dr. Vo Van Nhan (Director of Nhan Tam Dental Clinic) is the first Vietnamese doctor to successfully perform this technique, helping people with congenital toothlessness change their appearance, regain the ability to chew, pronounce and improve quality of life.

What is Subperiosteal Implant?

We often know that implants are a method of placing implants into the jawbone to replace real tooth roots and attach them.

Different from the conventional implant technique mentioned above, subperiosteal implants use a metal frame placed between the jawbone and gum but below the periosteum.

The periosteum is a thin layer of tissue between the gums and jawbone. When placing a subperiosteal implant, the dental root post is placed on the bone but below the gum tissue.

Because the tooth root is located on the jawbone rather than placed into the bone, it will not be influenced by the number of jawbones or the shape of the jaw.

Subperiosteal implant

Similar to implants inserted into the bone, subperiosteal implants will combine with jaw bone tissue through a process called osseointegration.

Therefore, the customer's dentures will have a very stable foundation. Like an implant in the bone, the prosthetic tooth root will stay in place and you don't have to worry about the tooth moving or slipping out of its original position.

Wound healing time for subperiosteal implants is usually shorter than for conventional implants. However, the surgical time for these two techniques is equivalent.

Dr. Vo Van Nhan - the first Vietnamese doctor to successfully perform the subperiosteal implant technique, said:

“Subperiosteal implants have had a history since 1940, but at that time the success rate was very low, only reaching 30 to 40%

Today with modern technology, we have 3-D X-ray Cone Beam CT system, 3Shape 3D digital dental impression device, 3-D facial scanning technology, digital devices, software support, so the process of making custom implants for customers is much simpler than before.

In addition, the current manufactured materials have been processed very well, helping the bone integration of subperiosteal implants to be highly effective. Thanks to that, the success rate reaches 97 - 98%”.

Dr. Vo Van Nhan performs subperiosteal implants for patients with congenital toothlessness

When should subperiosteal implants be placed?

Subperiosteal implants are often recommended for people with jaw bone loss and loss of all or most teeth in the back tooth area.

Some cases are also prescribed subperiosteal implants due to bone loss due to problems related to the thyroid gland, calcium deficiency or advanced age.

Cases of genetic jaw bone deficiency can also apply this method to restore teeth.

See more: Which cases require subperiosteal implants?

People with shallow jawbones may not be suitable for conventional implants. At this time, subperiosteal implants are an effective replacement solution.

Patients with jawbone cancer, patients with jaw bone necrosis, congenitally toothless patients, patients who have had implants but failed... are also candidates for implants under the following conditions: periosteum.

However, to know exactly whether you are suitable for this restoration method, you still need to examine and listen to the advice of a specialist.

Instructions for care after subperiosteal implant surgery

Everyone will recover at a different rate, but in general, you can expect to feel mild to moderate pain in the surgical area for a few days.

Usually, your doctor will prescribe pain relievers and antibiotics to help relieve your discomfort. Please follow medication instructions to achieve the best healing effect.

Follow your doctor's medication instructions to achieve the best healing effect

Smoking can increase the risk of restoration failure, so you should avoid any form of smoking both before and after the procedure for at least 2 – 4 weeks.

You may experience swelling in your jaw after the procedure and this may last for several days. At this time, you can apply an ice pack to reduce swelling and help relieve pain.

You should also take time to rest and avoid strenuous physical activity for the first few days to help the wound heal quickly.

You should only eat soft, liquid foods in the first few days and avoid hard, greasy or crunchy foods that create lots of crumbs.

Ensure good oral hygiene so that bacteria do not penetrate and cause infection. You should use antibacterial mouthwash to keep your oral cavity clean.

Maintain good oral hygiene to avoid wound infection

So it can be seen that subperiosteal implants are a new, effective tooth restoration solution for cases of tooth loss, congenital toothlessness, and severely degraded jawbone that cannot restore teeth with other methods. Conventional implant technique.

To be examined and consulted directly on the most suitable treatment method for your condition, please quickly stop by Nhan Tam Dental Clinic - Good Dental Clinic in Saigon, or contact hotline 0338 56 5678 to receive support as quickly as possible.