Causes of bleeding gums and treatment

Author: Dr. Nhan Tam View: 730
Bleeding gums is not a rare dental condition. It can happen when you brush your teeth, floss, eat hard foods... Although it is not too dangerous, it is a sign of dental disease, you must treat it early to avoid the disease getting worse. Let's learn more about the causes of bleeding gums and how to fix them in the following article!

Bleeding gums is essentially bleeding from the gums. There are many causes of bleeding gums such as dental diseases, lack of nutrients in the body, illness or injury...

There are many measures to fix bleeding gums such as scaling, filling cavities, orthodontics... Depending on the cause of bleeding, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate method. You should go to a reputable dentist for the best examination.

Causes of bleeding gums

Bleeding gums is essentially bleeding from the gums, often occurring while brushing your teeth. Patients with bleeding gums often have various symptoms including bad breath, gingivitis, swollen gums, etc. There are many causes of this condition, of which in most cases the cause is not too serious and fixable.

Bleeding gums is essentially bleeding from the gums and gums

Caused by dental diseases

Bleeding gums is a symptom of unusual dental diseases, including:


Gingivitis is a condition in which the gums become swollen, infected, cracked, and lead to bleeding. This disease can be caused by poor oral hygiene habits, not removing all leftover food and tartar stuck to the roots of the teeth. The more lime deposits accumulate and are not removed periodically, it will cause gingivitis and bleeding. Patients should see a doctor for regular dental scaling, cleaning of interdental areas and treatment of gingivitis so that the bleeding condition can improve.

Dental diseases

Between the teeth is an area that is often difficult for a toothbrush to reach to clean food. At this location, it is easy to get gingivitis, a tooth infection that causes gum bleeding. Tooth decay makes people tend to be reluctant to clean the decayed tooth enamel because of pain and sensitivity, causing more tartar to accumulate, causing bleeding.

Diseases around the teeth

Bleeding gums can be caused by periodontal disease. It is necessary to treat it early because if there is a delay, the gums will bleed profusely and for a long time, and the damaged area around the teeth cannot be completely restored. This causes many effects on oral health as well as aesthetics.

Bleeding gums can be caused by periodontal disease

Gum injury

Gum damage can be caused by vigorously rubbing the teeth, bumping the gums, brushing too hard, using dental floss incorrectly or using a hard-bristled toothbrush, etc. These injuries will directly cause bleeding gums. tooth.

Teeth are crooked and crowded

Misaligned teeth significantly affect the bite and also make oral hygiene more difficult. If hygiene is not good, leftover food will remain in the gaps between teeth, easily causing irritation and bleeding gums.

Other causes

Sometimes bleeding gums is not always a sign of dental disease but due to deeper physical reasons or physical illness.

Vitamin K deficiency

Vitamin K is an essential blood clotting component in the body, a deficiency of which makes it more difficult to stop bleeding. People with K deficiency in their diet are often due to long-term use of antibiotics that reduce the number of beneficial bacteria in the intestinal tract, a negative diet, and lack of naturally occurring Vitamin K. One of the manifestations of a vitamin K-deficient diet is bleeding gums.

One of the symptoms of vitamin K deficiency is bleeding gums

Hormonal changes

In a woman's life, she can go through many stages in which hormones in her body change erratically, most commonly during puberty, pregnancy or menopause. The use of birth control pills, supplements, and diet during this period can cause bleeding gums.

Liver failure

The liver is a large internal organ that has many functions necessary for the health and survival of the body, one of which is blood clotting. People with liver disease or excessive alcoholism that impairs liver function will face many physical consequences, including bleeding gums.

Due to the effects of drugs

Some studies have shown that daily use of drugs in the treatment of chronic diseases including anti-epileptic drugs, chemotherapy in cancer treatment, drugs used for heart attack patients, etc. will increase the risk gingival bleeding muscle.

Diabetes, cancers

Gingivitis and bleeding gums are some of the common symptoms of diabetes. Treating gingivitis in diabetics is not simple, they often suffer from prolonged gingivitis, severe damage to the periodontal area, and worse, mass tooth loss. Additionally, cancers, including some myeloma and leukemia, can also cause severe bleeding gums.

Bleeding gums is a common symptom of diabetes

In addition to the above reasons, some other reasons related to bleeding gums include smoking, stress, radiation therapy for cancer, HIV, trauma,...

See more: Is periodontal disease dangerous? How to prevent?

What to do to fix bleeding gums?

There are many remedies to temporarily reduce bleeding gums, however, it is important to eliminate the underlying cause to thoroughly deal with it. When you notice bleeding gums, check your oral health and see a doctor to find out the cause. Most cases of bleeding gums will reduce and disappear when using the following measures:

Dental scaling

It is important to remove all tartar and dental plaque that cause gingivitis and receding gums. Then, depending on the condition of the infected gums, the doctor will prescribe additional special medications to help the gums recover completely.

Dental scaling is a common method when treating bleeding gums

Tooth decay Treatment

If you have tooth decay, it is extremely important to get treatment right away. Normally, doctors will fill cavities, prevent food scraps and bacteria that cause gingivitis.

Correcting misaligned teeth

If misaligned teeth affect chewing function, aesthetic factors or are the cause of gingivitis or bleeding gums, the doctor may also prescribe additional orthodontic measures to correct the problem.

If the cause of bleeding gums is due to a systemic disease, the patient must see a specialist for treatment. Although it is no longer dangerous, you should not be subjective with bleeding gums because this is a warning sign of dental problems or physical diseases.

How to prevent bleeding gums

To prevent bleeding gums most effectively, what you need to do is eat enough and supplement your body with nutrients. At the same time, take proper care of your oral health.

  • You should use a toothbrush with soft bristles and brush gently to avoid harming the gum area.
  • Stop smoking and using stimulants.
  • Check your oral health and remove tartar every 6 months.

Take proper care of your teeth to prevent dangerous diseases

More than 90% of the Vietnamese population suffers from dental diseases. That shows that we do not take proper care of our oral health. When teeth have problems, it will also significantly affect various organ structures in the body. Therefore, it is essential to have scientific dental care and regular health check-ups. And if you have any problems, you should immediately go to a reputable dentist to be examined to avoid dangerous complications. If you have any questions, please contact Nhan Tam Dental Clinic for further advice!