Causes of bleeding gums and treatment

Author: Dr. Nhan Tam View: 622
Hello doctor, I am 22 years old this year, I often have bleeding gums every time I brush my teeth, eat tough, hard foods... I don't know the cause of bleeding gums and how to cure them effectively, please counselor helps me. Thank you (Truc Linh – HCMC).


Dear Truc Linh, Thank you for trusting us to send your question to Nhan Tam Dental Clinic. Regarding the question "Causes of bleeding gums and treatment", we would like to answer as follows.

Bleeding gums is a manifestation of one of the dental diseases. Although it is not serious, it is not so that you can ignore it, if you do not find out what the cause of bleeding gums is and have timely treatment, it will lead to dangerous complications.

Causes of bleeding gums

1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis or periodontitis is the leading cause of bleeding gums. When food plaque is not cleaned, along with the serum, it will gradually develop into tartar. This is the ideal environment for bacteria to grow and cause disease. Bacteria will penetrate deep inside the teeth and gums, release toxins to destroy the supporting structures of the teeth, swell the tissues around the teeth and cause bleeding gums.

2. Medicines for bleeding gums

According to the American Dental Association, bleeding gums can be caused by blood thinners. Blood thinners decrease the blood's ability to clot, which can lead to easier bleeding.

Certain other medications can cause dry mouth. This affects the amount of saliva secreted in the mouth to neutralize fatty acids, killing bacteria in the teeth.

3. Poor oral hygiene

Neglecting oral care can lead to bleeding gums. You may not brush your teeth long enough, brush your teeth incorrectly and often forget to brush your teeth at night before going to bed. In addition, using toothpicks to floss can cause gum damage, you should floss to remove food plaque in between teeth.

4. Liver and kidney disease

Besides, liver and kidney diseases or blood diseases also cause bleeding gums. When the liver is damaged - the damage will cause the synthesis of blood coagulants from vitamin K to be affected, causing the tooth roots to bleed.

5. Poor diet

A lack of nutrients, especially a lack of protein and vitamin C, also contributes to bleeding under the teeth. In addition, some factors directly affect bleeding gums, which is the use of a hard brush and brushing with too much chewing force, which also causes more friction with the gums and makes the gums hurt. . Flossing with a lot of toothpicks is also the cause that makes the roots easy to bleed as well as hollow roots, making food more interlaced.

6. Smoking too much

People who smoke often have more tartar than non-smokers. The harmful substances in tobacco also make you more susceptible to gum disease, causing bleeding gums.

7. Due to misaligned teeth

The condition of teeth that are misaligned, not in the right position, and a misaligned bite also cause gingivitis or worsen the disease. This is because misaligned teeth can make it difficult to clean your teeth, cause damage and make you more prone to bleeding gums.

How to treat bleeding gums?

Finding out a cause of bleeding gums will be the condition to find the best treatment for dental disease.

1. Proper dental care

To have healthy teeth, you should first start with proper oral care. Brush your teeth twice a day, when brushing your teeth for an average of 2-3 minutes, brush your teeth with the correct technique and especially should use a soft brush to avoid damaging the gums, in addition, you use dental floss instead of toothpicks to remove food particles and plaque from your teeth.

2. Supplement the necessary substances

Supplement with vitamins such as vitamin C to accelerate wound healing, vitamin K to limit bleeding gums. You can supplement vitamin C through fruits such as oranges, lemons, grapefruits ... vitamin K through foods such as radishes, bananas. You should also eat a lot of green vegetables because the fiber in vegetables will also help you remove plaque on your teeth.

3. Give up the habit of smoking

Quitting smoking not only helps you prevent dangerous diseases like cancer but also helps you have a fresh breath, eliminates the risk of yellow teeth, periodontitis, and bleeding gums. Just get rid of bad habits and your health will be significantly improved!

4. Use of therapeutic drugs

If the gums are only mildly inflamed, after the tartar is removed, the bleeding phenomenon is also overcome. More serious periodontitis should be treated with antibiotics, which can be combined with mouthpieces and medications according to the dose prescribed by the dentist. – Supplement with vitamins and proteins, vegetables Contain a lot of vitamin C is also an effective way to reduce bleeding gums.

5. Periodic tartar removal

In addition to causing bleeding problems, plaque is also the cause of tooth decay, yellowing and dulling teeth. Regular dental cleanings are essential. With modern ultrasonic tartar extraction technology, Nhan Tam Dental Clinic ensures that the treatment is gentle, non-sensitive, safe, and especially help you to thoroughly treat the problem of bleeding gums. and diseases caused by plaque

Also, for more details on the treatment of bleeding gums. Call HOTLINE 1900 56 5678 to schedule a consultation and visit with Nhan Tam Dental Clinic specialist.