Causes of periodontal disease
According to Dr Vo Van Nhan: the main cause of periodontal disease is the accumulation of harmful bacteria in plaque or food debris that remains between the teeth that you cannot clean. If not removed soon, these plaques continue to stick on the teeth. Plaque irritates the gums, making the gums red, swollen, swollen, bleeding when brushing, using toothpicks. Over time, plaque becomes hard and is called tartar. Tartar cannot be removed by ordinary brushing, but can only be cleaned by dental treatment with specialized tools.
Advanced stages of periodontal disease
Periodontal disease usually progresses through 2 stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. At the stage of gum inflammation, if treated promptly, the disease will be completely cured.
Gingivitis is reversible, but if left untreated it can progress to periodontitis when the tissue that connects the gums to the teeth is destroyed. Then a pocket of pus will form between the tooth and the gum (called a periodontal pocket). Toxic bacteria in plaque and tartar continue to accumulate in this periodontal pocket, causing the bone supporting the tooth to be destroyed, leading to loose teeth, an unpleasant mouth odor.
According to Dr Vo Van Nhan: there are a number of factors that change the response of the gums to plaque or tartar, thereby changing the body's response to periodontal disease and making the disease worse, such as smoking, diabetes, stress, bruxism, pregnancy, puberty, diet and nutrition, immune system.
Symptoms of periodontal disease
Bleeding gums when brushing teeth; Red, swollen gums that separate from the teeth; Persistent bad breath; There is a collection of pus or pus draining between the teeth and gums in the cervical region; Loose or loose teeth, especially when chewing. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see your dentist. However, often periodontal disease is not obvious, because most of the time the disease process is not accompanied by specific pain symptoms, so a routine dental examination, including a comprehensive examination of periodontal tissue, is important. It is very important to avoid periodontal disease.
Treatment of periodontal disease
If you have periodontitis, there are usually four basic types of treatment that are used: emergency, non-surgical, surgical, and maintenance. Non-surgical treatment has the highest application rate, as the first treatment step in periodontal disease, consisting of 2 steps. At an initial stage, the dentist will assess the factors that favor plaque retention, interfere with oral hygiene and control bacterial plaque and eliminate those factors by:
- Repair or replace all improper fillings.
- Repair or replace incorrect restorations.
- Evaluate and assign teeth to be extracted (cannot be kept).
- Fix the tooth (if the tooth is loose).
- Make temporary restorations (if necessary).
- Remove tartar - treatment of the root surface of the teeth. Tartar removal is a non-physician procedure that is indicated for all periodontal disease treatment plans. With cases of gingivitis, it will give very positive results.
When you self-treat with antibiotics and see the pain go away, the disease is not completely cured. The disease persists and becomes chronic, with occasional acute flares (recurrent and worsening). If you've only recently had gingivitis, it will quickly progress to periodontitis. If you already have periodontitis, the disease will get worse, making your teeth looser, and eventually losing your teeth.
Prevention of periodontal disease
To prevent periodontal disease, according to Dr Vo Van Nhan: the most important thing is to brush your teeth regularly after meals and before going to bed to remove bacterial plaque on the tooth surface and gum crevices, ensuring health dental health. Periodically every 3-6 months, you should visit the dentist at the dental clinic and remove tartar and plaque in places where the brush cannot clean. Scaling will help: prevent periodontal disease; have clean, shiny, and beautiful teeth; more confident in daily communication.
Use extra floss to clean the sides of your teeth. Eat a balanced, nutritious diet. Avoid snacking on sticky, sweet foods.